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English (optional) | Nepal | HSEB XII

English (optional) | Nepal | HSEB XII


The Higher Secondary Education Board's curriculum for Grade XI Optional English is designed to "improve and develop students' understanding and use of English through the reading and discussion of literary texts, awaken students' appreciative and critical faculties, introduce a chronological survey of English literature, and read for the pleasure of reading."  The course is divided into three sections: "integrating language and literature"," history of English literature" and "reading in the genres." 


Prescribed Text

Carter, R. Web of Words: Exploring Literature Through Language. Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Cuddon, J.A., A.R. Habib, M. Birchwood, M. Dines, S. Fiske, and V. Velickovic. Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. Wiley, 2012.

Daiches, David. A Critical History of English Literature: In 2 Volumes. Secker and Warburg, 1961.

Elias, M. Plays in One Act. Orient Longman Private Limited, 1985.

Fitzgerald, F.S. The Great Gatsby. Urban Romantics Classic. Max Bollinger, 2012.

McRae, J., and R. Boardman. Reading Between the Lines: Integrated Language and Literature Activities. Student’s Book. University Press, 1995.


Prescribed Reference

Cuddon, J. A, Claire Preston, and J. A Cuddon. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. London: Penguin Books, 1999.

Daiches, David. A Critical History of English Literature 1. 1. London: Secker & Warburg, 1960.

———. A Critical History of English Literature 2. 2. London: Secker & Warburg, 1960.

———. A Critical History of English Literature 4. 4. London: Secker & Warburg, 1972.

———. A Critical History of English Literature. 3 3. London: Secker & Warburg, 1972.



Novel - The Great Gatsby - F. Scott Fitzgerald

Short Stories

The Use of Force - William Carlos Williams
An Episode of War - Stephen Crane
The Jar - Luigi Pranedello
The Valiant Woman - J. F. Powers
In Another Country - Ernest Hemingway
Duchoux - Maupassant
Enemies - Anton Chekhov
The Hunter Gracchus - Kafka
Di Grasso - Issac Babel
The Big Fish - Chen Jo-Hsi


A Day in the Life of Salaryman - John Burgess
The Time Factor - Gloria Steinem
What is Poverty? - Joe Godwin Parker
The Day of the Dead - Octavio Paz
Zeroing in on Science Fiction - Gary Gorshgarian
The Penalty of Death - H. C. Mencken


Riders to the Sea - Synge
The Happy Journey  - T. Wilder
A Marriage Proposal - Anton Chekov
Lord Byron's Love Letters - Tenessee Williams
The Romancers - Edmund Rostand
Waterloo - Arthur Conan Doyle
To Bobolink, for her spirit - William Inge 


Nature: To the moon - P. B. Shelley
Creature: Tiger - William Blake
Portrait: She was a phantom of delight - W. Wordsworth
Stories: Lady Clare - Alfred Lord Tennyson
Love: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day - William Shakespeare
Generation: Prodigal Road Generous - E. E. Cummings
Humor: The Mad Gardener's Song - Lewis Carroll
Home and away: Afro-American fragment - Langston Hughes
Belief: On His Blindness - John Milton
Commitment: The Song of Wandering Aengus - W. B. Yeats
Protest: Much madness is divinest sense - Emily Dickinson
War: The Little Girl saw her first troop parade - Sandberg
Death: When I am dead, my dearest! - C. Rossetti
Alienation: The Sound of Silence - Paul Simon
Human Condition: The innerpart - Louis Simpson
Meaning of Life: Musee de Beaux Arts - W. H. Auden - Dover Beach - Matthew Arnold